Kutheni ifayile ye-CNC ingcono kunezicwangciso zakudala?

08/06/2022 By UJohn Widopp Kucimo

Kutheni ifayile ye-CNC ingcono kunezicwangciso zakudala?

Ngaba udiniwe kukuchitha iiyure usenza izicwangciso zeprojekthi yakho elandelayo yokwenza iinkuni? Ngaba ufuna ukulungelelanisa inkqubo kwaye ugcine ixesha? Ungajongi ngaphaya kweefayile ze-CNC. Olu yilo lwedijithali lubonelela ngenqanaba elitsha lokuchaneka, ukusebenza kakuhle, kunye nobuchule obungenako ukuhambelana nezicwangciso zemveli. Kule posi yebhlog, siza kuphonononga ukuba kutheni iifayile ze-CNC zikhawuleza ukuba zezona zikhethwa ngabantu abasebenza ngamaplanga kunye nabathandi be-DIY ngokufanayo. Ke bopha, thatha isiselo sakho osithandayo, kwaye ulungele ukufunda ukuba ezi zixhobo zinamandla zinokuthatha njani ubuchule bakho bokwenza iinkuni ukuya kwinqanaba elilandelayo!

Yintoni ifayile ye-CNC?

Ifayile ye-CNC yifayile yekhompyutha equlethe imiyalelo yokulawula umatshini. Ezi fayile ngokuqhelekileyo zidalwe yi-CAM (imveliso encediswa yikhompyutha) kwaye zisetyenziselwa ukukhokela oomatshini be-CNC (ulawulo lwamanani ekhompyutheni) ekwenzeni iimveliso.

Iifayile ze-CNC zichaneke ngokubanzi kunezicwangciso zakudala kuba zinokuthathela ingqalelo imilinganiselo ethile yezinto ezisetyenziswayo kunye nobuchule bomatshini. Oku kuthetha ukuba izinto ezincinci ziyachithwa kwaye kukho amathuba amancinci empazamo. Ukongeza, iifayile ze-CNC zinokuhlaziywa ngokulula ukuba kufuneka kwenziwe utshintsho, ngelixa izicwangciso zakudala kufuneka zenziwe ngokutsha ukusuka ekuqaleni ukuba kukho naluphi na uhlengahlengiso ekufuneka lwenziwe.

Yintoni isicwangciso sakudala?

Isicwangciso seklasikhi yiseti yemiyalelo ebhaliweyo echaza indlela yokugqibezela umsebenzi okanye ukwakha into ethile. Izicwangciso zeClassic zihlala zibandakanya uluhlu lwezinto ezifunekayo kunye nemiyalelo yesinyathelo-nge-nyathelo yokuhlanganisa iprojekthi.

Ngelixa izicwangciso zakudala zinokuba luncedo, zihlala zisilela ukuchaneka kunye neenkcukacha ezinokubonelela ngeefayile ze-CNC. Iifayile ze-CNC ziifayile zoyilo ezincediswa yikhompyutha ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe ukwenza iimilo ezintsonkothileyo ezinemacala amathathu. Xa ezi fayile zondliwa kumatshini we-CNC, umatshini uyakwazi ukusika izinto ngokuchaneka okugqithisileyo. Oku kuthetha ukuba iiprojekthi ezenziwe kusetyenziswa iifayile ze-CNC ziya kuba nonyamezelo olungqongqo kwaye zichaneke ngakumbi.

Ukongeza, iifayile ze-CNC zinokulungiswa ngokulula kwaye zitshintshwe ukwenza uyilo olwahlukileyo. Oku bhetyebhetye kubenza balungele iiprojekthi ezifuna ukuphindaphindwa okuphindaphindiweyo okanye ukwahluka. Izicwangciso zeClassic, kwelinye icala, zihlala zimile kwaye azinakuguqulwa lula xa sele zidaliwe.

Kutheni iifayile ze-CNC zingcono kunezicwangciso zakudala

Iifayile ze-CNC zingcono kunezicwangciso zakudala ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi. Okokuqala, iifayile ze-CNC zinokudalwa ngokusebenzisa i-software ye-computer-aid (CAD), evumela ukuchaneka okukhulu kunye nokuchaneka kunezicwangciso ezenziwe ngesandla. Okwesibini, iifayile ze-CNC zingabelana ngokulula kwaye zihlelwe nge-elektroniki, okwenza intsebenziswano kunye nokuhlaziywa kube lula ngakumbi kunezicwangciso zephepha lemveli. Okokugqibela, umatshini we-CNC ngokuqhelekileyo ukhawuleza kwaye usebenza ngakumbi kunezinye iindlela zokuvelisa, ngoko ukusebenzisa iifayile ze-CNC kunokonga ixesha kunye nemali.

Indlela yokuguqula isicwangciso sakudala kwifayile ye-CNC

Ukuba ujonge ukuguqula isicwangciso sakudala sibe yifayile ye-CNC, kukho izinto ezimbalwa ekufuneka uzenze. Okokuqala, kuya kufuneka ufumane isoftware enokwenza uguqulelo. Okulandelayo, kuya kufuneka ulandele imiyalelo enikezelwe yisoftware ukuguqula ngokufanelekileyo ifayile. Okokugqibela, kuya kufuneka ugcine ifayile eguqulweyo kwifomati enokufundwa ngumatshini wakho we-CNC.

Nangona kungathatha ixesha kunye neenzame ukuguqula isicwangciso sakudala sibe yifayile ye-CNC, ngokuqinisekileyo kufanelekile ekugqibeleni. Iifayile ze-CNC zibonelela ngenani leenzuzo ngaphezu kwezicwangciso zakudala, kubandakanya ukuchaneka okwandisiweyo kunye nokuchaneka.

Uyisebenzisa njani ifayile yeCNC

Ukuba ujonge ukuthatha umsebenzi wakho womthi okanye wesinyithi ukuya kwinqanaba elilandelayo, ifayile ye-CNC yindlela yokuhamba. Ngefayile ye-CNC, ungenza iziyilo ezichaneke kakhulu nezintsonkothileyo eziya kuba phantse zingenzeki ukuyilwa ngeendlela zakwantu.

Nali inyathelo ngenyathelo isikhokelo sendlela yokusebenzisa ifayile ye-CNC:

  1. Khetha uyilo ofuna ukulwenza. Zininzi iinkqubo zesoftware ezikuvumela ukuba wenze okanye uhlele iifayile zeCNC. Ezinye zezi nkqubo zisimahla, ngelixa ezinye kufuneka zithengwe.
  2. Nje ukuba uyilo lwakho, lixesha lokuyilayisha kumatshini we-CNC. Oku kuqhele ukwenziwa ngokufaka i-USB drive kumatshini kwaye ukhethe ifayile kwimenyu.
  3. Okulandelayo, kuya kufuneka ukhethe imathiriyeli ofuna ukuyisebenzisela iprojekthi yakho. Ezona zinto zixhaphakileyo zisetyenziswa kumatshini we-CNC ziinkuni, iplastiki kunye nentsimbi.
  4. Okokugqibela, lixesha lokuba uqale ukwenza oomatshini! Umatshini uya kulandela imiyalelo kwifayile ye-CNC ukwenza uyilo olufunayo.

isiphelo

Iifayile ze-CNC zibonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi kwiiplani zakudala, ezinjengokuphuculwa kokuchaneka kunye nokuguquguquka okukhulu kuyilo. Ngoncedo lwesoftware yeCAD, unokwenza imifuziselo eneenkcukacha kakhulu elungele umatshini we-CNC ukuba aphumeze. Ngaphezu koko, ngomatshini we-CNC onawo, unolawulo ngakumbi kuyo yonke inkqubo yemveliso kwaye unokuvelisa iziphumo ezikhawulezayo kunanini na ngaphambili. Ukuba ujonge indlela elula yokuphucula ukusebenza kakuhle kwakho ngelixa usebenzisa itekhnoloji ye-cutting-edge, ukutshintshela kwiifayile ze-CNC ngokuqinisekileyo kufanelekile ukuqwalaselwa.